The Rise of Open Source Network Technologies in China

China is currently the third largest contributor to the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, and its contributions to the open source and cloud markets are continuously growing. A number of emerging technologies are making open source technology more attractive to Chinese companies, and new projects are emerging.

Of particular use to companies are the SDN and NFV technologies that are emerging from China, and being used by companies such as China Telecom. These SDN and NFV frameworks are community led, many of them being supported by the Linux Foundation, and being used by the international community.

Open-O by the Linux Foundation: A New Orchestration Project

Open-O, by the Linux Foundation, is a new management and network orchestration project that may make it easier for Chinese developers to move into open source deployments. Backed by Chinese companies such as China Telecom, Open-O seeks to address problems such as the language barrier, which have historically made it more challenging for developers in China to engage with the open source community. Open source communities are highly communicative by nature.

Since its initial inception, Open-O has been merged with ECOMP, and the new initiative has been renamed the Open Network Automation Platform (ONAP).  China Telecom is already creating use cases for Open-O technology, which could include using it as an orchestrator for VPN services, crossing between domains and connecting data centers and WANs.

OPNFV: An Integrated Linux foundation Technology

Meanwhile, China Telecom is also working on OPNFV, a project that will help with NFV components within a number of environments and platforms. This open source NFV project is also supported by companies such as Samsung Electronics and Qualcomm, Inc. This NFV platform will be usable in both service provider and enterprise networks, and it’s currently being developed by a total of 55 companies.

Since 2014, OPNFV has been in development as an integrated platform that can produce valuable services and products to companies quickly. Through solutions like OPNFV, companies have been able to move away from commercial and proprietary solutions, and to find solutions that are more universal and well-supported.

China and Kubernetes Adoption

In terms of Kubernetes adoption in China, Microsoft Azure outperforms AWS, which is globally unusual. Designed by Google and maintained by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, Kubernetes is an orchestration and deployment system. Kubernetes makes it easier to deploy applications in architectures that support microservices, and it’s leading the way in making open source more accessible.

The OpenDaylight City Tour

OPNFV isn’t the only highly publicized, open source NFV solution. Hosted by companies such as Baidu and Tencent, the OpenDaylight City Tour went through four cities in China, bringing awareness and adoption to OpenDaylight technology. OpenDaylight is currently being used by Tencent, Baidu, China Telecom, Huawei, HBC, and more.

OpenDaylight is a software-defined networking solution and network functions virtualization platform (SDN and NFV). Through OpenDaylight, organizations are able to acquire a complete network stack. A popular Linux Foundation project, OpenDaylight is a modular, scalable, and extensible solution, which is suited even to the largest of enterprises.

The Made in China 2025 Initiative

Technological innovations from China are accelerating, due to the Made in China 2025 initiative which is encouraging Chinese companies to invest in technological innovation. This is encouraging companies to make additional contributions into the open source space. With new frameworks and strategies available to Chinese developers, China’s contributions into the open source arena are likely to continue to grow.

Currently, there are a number of interesting new technologies being developed in China, especially in the areas of networking and telecommunications. China Telecom and other tech-based companies are leading the way for new collaborative solutions, and there should be a number of innovative technologies emerging in the coming years.

China Telecom Allies with OpenStack as Government Announces Support for the Open-source Software Platform

China Telecom (CT) was approved as the newest OpenStack Gold Member at the Foundation’s November 2016 board meeting.

China Telecom joins some of the leading technology companies in the world — including Inspur, Cisco, Dell EMC, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Hitachi, Huawei, NEC and Symantec — as one of 24 founding Gold Members.

Large and small businesses, telecoms, public cloud service providers, government organizations and researchers around the world use OpenStack’s open-source software to build clouds, support the diverse cloud computing ecosystem and enable cloud innovation.

CT was selected as a Gold Member

China Telecom was selected as a Gold Member for its capability to support OpenStack’s development in the rapidly growing Chinese and Asia-Pacific markets.

At China’s first Open Source & Cloud Computing Summit (COSCCS) in December 2014, the country’s officials declared the government’s support for OpenStack ecosystems and plans to encourage state-owned enterprises to use OpenStack-based cloud products. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) predicted that OpenStack would contribute to business growth.

Indeed, today, many Chinese organizations are engaging OpenStack across various sectors, including internet, telecom, IT, education and retail. Momentum is growing and will inspire other Chinese firms to investigate opportunities for growth. One advantage for Chinese companies is that they are using a mature version of OpenStack, mostly from 2014 onwards, and don’t need to upgrade from earlier versions.

As one of the largest mobile carriers in the world, with more than 500 million subscribers and over 300 data centers, China Telecom is currently migrating its CloudStack deployment to OpenStack, supporting strategic opportunities in the public cloud and contributing significant code and knowledge to the OpenStack community.

China Telecom will also contribute new investment and resources to complement the many OpenStack technology vendors and users that comprise one of the best networks in APAC.

“OpenStack is truly a global community, with nearly 650 companies supporting the project in 187 countries,” says Jonathan Bryce, Executive Director of the OpenStack Foundation.

“The investment and commitment of our new Gold Members underscores the global growth and evolution of OpenStack, with projects of massive scale serving millions of end users in China and other markets worldwide.”

For an example of collaboration among members, telecom company Huawei works with software maker Red Hat and aims to accelerate collaboration around OpenStack for network functions virtualization, which is required by communication service providers like China Telecom.

China Telecom Adds Value to OpenStack Community

The China Telecom Cloud uses the OpenStack platform to provide stable, scalable cloud facilities and comprehensive customer service to end users in the Asia-Pacific region.

The China Telecom Cloud is focused on Cloud+Network Integration technology and is set to take enterprise internet in China to the next level with a combination of its range of existing telecom services and OpenStack’s vast network, expanding the company’s Asia-Pacific reach and enhancing service delivery to end users in the region.

With centralized supersized data centers – each more than 10 million square meters – and numerous small and medium-sized data centers, China Telecom can contribute a vast practice environment and use cases to the OpenStack community.

“China Telecom has gained strong capabilities and rich experience through many years of hard work,” says Joe Han, President of China Telecom Americas.

“We will contribute to the community through strengthening and improving OpenStack. We will focus on realizing telecommunication functions on OpenStack, such as NFV, SDN, Container and Big Data, and return the results to the OpenStack community.”

China Telecom Expands OpenStack Accessibility in Asia-Pacific

The new partnership will also make the OpenStack platform readily available through China Telecom’s network services, which will increase accessibility to users throughout the Asia-Pacific region.

China Telecom looks forward to working with the OpenStack open source community to speed up the development and utilization of the China Telecom cloud ecosystem, and in turn attract more private business involvement in the OpenStack community.

“China Telecom is active in organizing and participating in OpenStack-related activities, including OpenStack Summit, OpenStack Day, meetups and more. We have also shared our OpenStack practice and case studies at relevant trade shows and technology forums,” says Mr. Han.

“With our leading role in China’s cloud businesses, China Telecom’s full-scale and successful use of OpenStack will bring the government and more businesses into the OpenStack community.”

For more information, hi-res images or to organize an interview please contact Ming Wei, Director of Solution and Delivery, at [email protected]

About China Telecom Americas

China Telecom Americas is a wholly owned US-based subsidiary of China Telecom Corporation, one of the world’s leading providers of integrated communications and information technology services to customers in over 70 countries around the globe. With headquarters in Herndon, Virginia, and offices in Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, New York, San Jose, Toronto and Sao Paolo, China Telecom Americas is advancing transpacific enterprise connectivity through a suite of locally based, turnkey services from network architecture, cloud and data center services to equipment management, security, content delivery, mobility solutions and more. Discover more at

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